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Hagia Sophia

Hagia Sophia (/ˌhɑːdʒə soʊˈfiːə/, /ˌheɪdʒɪə soʊˈfiːə/, /ˌhæɡɪə səˈfiːə/, /ˌhæɡɪə səˈfaɪə/, or /ˈhɑːɪə soʊˈfiːə/; from the Greek: Ἁγία Σοφία [aˈʝia soˈfia], "Holy Wisdom"; Latin: Sancta Sophia or Sancta Sapientia; Turkish: Ayasofya) is a former Orthodox patriarchal basilica (church), later a mosque, and now a museum in Istanbul, Turkey. From the date of its construction in 537 until 1453, it served as an Eastern Orthodox cathedral and seat of the Patriarchate of Constantinople, except between 1204 and 1261, when it was converted to a Roman Catholic cathedral under the Latin Empire. The building was a mosque from 29 May 1453 until 1931. It was then secularized and opened as a museum on 1 February 1935.

The Church was dedicated to the Logos, the second person of the Holy Trinity, its dedication feast taking place on 25 December, the commemoration of the Birth of the incarnation of the Logos in Christ.[6] Although sometimes referred to as Sancta Sophia (as though it were named after Saint Sophia), sophia being the phonetic spelling in Latin of the Greek word for wisdom, its full name in Greek is Ναός τῆς Ἁγίας τοῦ Θεοῦ Σοφίας, "Shrine of the Holy Wisdom of God".

Famous in particular for its massive dome, it is considered the epitome of Byzantine architecture and is said to have "changed the history of architecture." It remained the world's largest cathedral for nearly a thousand years thereafter, until Seville Cathedral was completed in 1520. The current building was originally constructed as a church between 532 and 537 on the orders of the Byzantine Emperor Justinian and was the third Church of the Holy Wisdom to occupy the site, the previous two having both been destroyed by rioters. It was designed by the Greek scientists Isidore of Miletus, a physicist, and Anthemius of Tralles, a mathematician.

The church contained a large collection of holy relics and featured, among other things, a 15-metre (49 ft) silver iconostasis. The focal point of the Eastern Orthodox Church for nearly one thousand years, the building witnessed the excommunication of Patriarch Michael I Cerularius on the part of Pope Leo IX in 1054, an act which is commonly considered the start of the Great Schism.

In 1453, Constantinople was conquered by the Ottoman Turks under Sultan Mehmed II, who ordered this main church of the Orthodox Christianity converted into a mosque. By this point, the Church had fallen into a state of disrepair. Nevertheless, the Christian cathedral made a strong impression on the new Ottoman rulers and they decided to convert it into a mosque. The bells, altar, iconostasis, and sacrificial vessels and other relics were removed and the mosaics depicting Jesus, his Mother Mary, Christian saints and angels were also removed or plastered over. Islamic features – such as the mihrab, minbar, and four minarets – were added. It remained a mosque until 1931 when it was closed to the public for four years. It was re-opened in 1935 as a museum by the Republic of Turkey.

From its initial conversion until the construction of the nearby larger Sultan Ahmed Mosque (Blue Mosque of Istanbul) in 1616, it was the principal mosque of Istanbul. The Hagia Sophia served as inspiration for many other Ottoman mosques, such as the Blue Mosque, the Şehzade Mosque, the Süleymaniye Mosque, the Rüstem Pasha Mosque and the Kılıç Ali Paşa Mosque.

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06:00:00 06:05:54 Hagia Sophia
06:05:54 06:10:23 Hagia Sophia 3D
06:10:23 06:11:53 Hagia Sophia
06:11:53 06:21:53 Hagia Sophia
06:21:53 06:26:20 Hagia Sophia
06:26:20 06:29:03 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
06:29:03 06:33:09 The sound of Hagia Sofia
06:33:09 06:38:59 Hagia Sophia
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06:47:40 06:55:49 Hagia Sophia
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07:00:12 07:01:59 Hagia Sophia
07:01:59 07:03:05 Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
07:03:05 07:06:21 Hagia Sophia
07:06:21 07:10:04 Three-dimensional reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia
07:10:04 07:10:39 Hagia Sophia - Atrium
07:10:39 07:11:09 Hagia Sophia
07:11:09 07:15:02 Hagia Sophia
07:15:02 07:15:39 Hagia Sophia Model Timelapse
07:15:39 07:20:31 Hagia Sophia
07:20:31 07:26:32 Hagia Sophia
07:26:32 07:42:16 Hagia Sophia
07:42:16 07:49:23 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 1
07:49:23 07:55:07 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 2
07:55:07 07:56:21 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 1
07:56:21 07:57:26 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 2
07:57:26 07:58:36 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 3
07:58:36 08:06:37 Hagia Sophia
08:06:37 08:14:14 Hagia Sophia
08:14:14 08:27:22 Istanbul Hagia Sophia
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08:29:08 08:30:47 Hagia Sophia
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08:32:17 08:33:06 Hagia Sophia
08:33:06 08:36:45 Hagia Sophia
08:36:45 08:44:34 Hagia Sophia
08:44:34 08:49:19 Inside Hagia Sophia
08:49:19 08:52:29 Hagia Sophia
08:52:29 08:58:23 Hagia Sophia
08:58:23 09:02:52 Hagia Sophia 3D
09:02:52 09:04:22 Hagia Sophia
09:04:22 09:14:22 Hagia Sophia
09:14:22 09:18:49 Hagia Sophia
09:18:49 09:21:32 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
09:21:32 09:25:38 The sound of Hagia Sofia
09:25:38 09:31:28 Hagia Sophia
09:31:28 09:40:09 Hagia Sophia
09:40:09 09:48:18 Hagia Sophia
09:48:18 09:52:41 Secrets of Hagia Sophia
09:52:41 09:54:28 Hagia Sophia
09:54:28 09:55:34 Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
09:55:34 09:58:50 Hagia Sophia
09:58:50 10:02:33 Three-dimensional reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia
10:02:33 10:03:08 Hagia Sophia - Atrium
10:03:08 10:03:38 Hagia Sophia
10:03:38 10:07:31 Hagia Sophia
10:07:31 10:08:08 Hagia Sophia Model Timelapse
10:08:08 10:13:00 Hagia Sophia
10:13:00 10:19:01 Hagia Sophia
10:19:01 10:34:45 Hagia Sophia
10:34:45 10:41:52 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 1
10:41:52 10:47:36 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 2
10:47:36 10:48:50 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 1
10:48:50 10:49:55 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 2
10:49:55 10:51:05 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 3
10:51:05 10:59:06 Hagia Sophia
10:59:06 11:06:43 Hagia Sophia
11:06:43 11:19:51 Istanbul Hagia Sophia
11:19:51 11:21:37 Hagia Sophia
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11:23:16 11:24:46 Hagia Sophia
11:24:46 11:25:35 Hagia Sophia
11:25:35 11:29:14 Hagia Sophia
11:29:14 11:37:03 Hagia Sophia
11:37:03 11:41:48 Inside Hagia Sophia
11:41:48 11:44:58 Hagia Sophia
11:44:58 11:50:52 Hagia Sophia
11:50:52 11:55:21 Hagia Sophia 3D
11:55:21 11:56:51 Hagia Sophia
11:56:51 12:06:51 Hagia Sophia
12:06:51 12:11:18 Hagia Sophia
12:11:18 12:14:01 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
12:14:01 12:18:07 The sound of Hagia Sofia
12:18:07 12:23:57 Hagia Sophia
12:23:57 12:32:38 Hagia Sophia
12:32:38 12:40:47 Hagia Sophia
12:40:47 12:45:10 Secrets of Hagia Sophia
12:45:10 12:46:57 Hagia Sophia
12:46:57 12:48:03 Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
12:48:03 12:51:19 Hagia Sophia
12:51:19 12:55:02 Three-dimensional reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia
12:55:02 12:55:37 Hagia Sophia - Atrium
12:55:37 12:56:07 Hagia Sophia
12:56:07 13:00:00 Hagia Sophia
13:00:00 13:00:37 Hagia Sophia Model Timelapse
13:00:37 13:05:29 Hagia Sophia
13:05:29 13:11:30 Hagia Sophia
13:11:30 13:27:14 Hagia Sophia
13:27:14 13:34:21 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 1
13:34:21 13:40:05 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 2
13:40:05 13:41:19 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 1
13:41:19 13:42:24 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 2
13:42:24 13:43:34 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 3
13:43:34 13:51:35 Hagia Sophia
13:51:35 13:59:12 Hagia Sophia
13:59:12 14:12:20 Istanbul Hagia Sophia
14:12:20 14:14:06 Hagia Sophia
14:14:06 14:15:45 Hagia Sophia
14:15:45 14:17:15 Hagia Sophia
14:17:15 14:18:04 Hagia Sophia
14:18:04 14:21:43 Hagia Sophia
14:21:43 14:29:32 Hagia Sophia
14:29:32 14:34:17 Inside Hagia Sophia
14:34:17 14:37:27 Hagia Sophia
14:37:27 14:43:21 Hagia Sophia
14:43:21 14:47:50 Hagia Sophia 3D
14:47:50 14:49:20 Hagia Sophia
14:49:20 14:59:20 Hagia Sophia
14:59:20 15:03:47 Hagia Sophia
15:03:47 15:06:30 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
15:06:30 15:10:36 The sound of Hagia Sofia
15:10:36 15:16:26 Hagia Sophia
15:16:26 15:25:07 Hagia Sophia
15:25:07 15:33:16 Hagia Sophia
15:33:16 15:37:39 Secrets of Hagia Sophia
15:37:39 15:39:26 Hagia Sophia
15:39:26 15:40:32 Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
15:40:32 15:43:48 Hagia Sophia
15:43:48 15:47:31 Three-dimensional reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia
15:47:31 15:48:06 Hagia Sophia - Atrium
15:48:06 15:48:36 Hagia Sophia
15:48:36 15:52:29 Hagia Sophia
15:52:29 15:53:06 Hagia Sophia Model Timelapse
15:53:06 15:57:58 Hagia Sophia
15:57:58 16:03:59 Hagia Sophia
16:03:59 16:19:43 Hagia Sophia
16:19:43 16:26:50 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 1
16:26:50 16:32:34 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 2
16:32:34 16:33:48 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 1
16:33:48 16:34:53 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 2
16:34:53 16:36:03 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 3
16:36:03 16:44:04 Hagia Sophia
16:44:04 16:51:41 Hagia Sophia
16:51:41 17:04:49 Istanbul Hagia Sophia
17:04:49 17:06:35 Hagia Sophia
17:06:35 17:08:14 Hagia Sophia
17:08:14 17:09:44 Hagia Sophia
17:09:44 17:10:33 Hagia Sophia
17:10:33 17:14:12 Hagia Sophia
17:14:12 17:22:01 Hagia Sophia
17:22:01 17:26:46 Inside Hagia Sophia
17:26:46 17:29:56 Hagia Sophia
17:29:56 17:35:50 Hagia Sophia
17:35:50 17:40:19 Hagia Sophia 3D
17:40:19 17:41:49 Hagia Sophia
17:41:49 17:51:49 Hagia Sophia
17:51:49 17:56:16 Hagia Sophia
17:56:16 17:58:59 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
17:58:59 18:03:05 The sound of Hagia Sofia
18:03:05 18:08:55 Hagia Sophia
18:08:55 18:17:36 Hagia Sophia
18:17:36 18:25:45 Hagia Sophia
18:25:45 18:30:08 Secrets of Hagia Sophia
18:30:08 18:31:55 Hagia Sophia
18:31:55 18:33:01 Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
18:33:01 18:36:17 Hagia Sophia
18:36:17 18:40:00 Three-dimensional reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia
18:40:00 18:40:35 Hagia Sophia - Atrium
18:40:35 18:41:05 Hagia Sophia
18:41:05 18:44:58 Hagia Sophia
18:44:58 18:45:35 Hagia Sophia Model Timelapse
18:45:35 18:50:27 Hagia Sophia
18:50:27 18:56:28 Hagia Sophia
18:56:28 19:12:12 Hagia Sophia
19:12:12 19:19:19 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 1
19:19:19 19:25:03 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 2
19:25:03 19:26:17 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 1
19:26:17 19:27:22 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 2
19:27:22 19:28:32 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 3
19:28:32 19:36:33 Hagia Sophia
19:36:33 19:44:10 Hagia Sophia
19:44:10 19:57:18 Istanbul Hagia Sophia
19:57:18 19:59:04 Hagia Sophia
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20:03:02 20:06:41 Hagia Sophia
20:06:41 20:14:30 Hagia Sophia
20:14:30 20:19:15 Inside Hagia Sophia
20:19:15 20:22:25 Hagia Sophia
20:22:25 20:28:19 Hagia Sophia
20:28:19 20:32:48 Hagia Sophia 3D
20:32:48 20:34:18 Hagia Sophia
20:34:18 20:44:18 Hagia Sophia
20:44:18 20:48:45 Hagia Sophia
20:48:45 20:51:28 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
20:51:28 20:55:34 The sound of Hagia Sofia
20:55:34 21:01:24 Hagia Sophia
21:01:24 21:10:05 Hagia Sophia
21:10:05 21:18:14 Hagia Sophia
21:18:14 21:22:37 Secrets of Hagia Sophia
21:22:37 21:24:24 Hagia Sophia
21:24:24 21:25:30 Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
21:25:30 21:28:46 Hagia Sophia
21:28:46 21:32:29 Three-dimensional reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia
21:32:29 21:33:04 Hagia Sophia - Atrium
21:33:04 21:33:34 Hagia Sophia
21:33:34 21:37:27 Hagia Sophia
21:37:27 21:38:04 Hagia Sophia Model Timelapse
21:38:04 21:42:56 Hagia Sophia
21:42:56 21:48:57 Hagia Sophia
21:48:57 22:04:41 Hagia Sophia
22:04:41 22:11:48 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 1
22:11:48 22:17:32 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 2
22:17:32 22:18:46 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 1
22:18:46 22:19:51 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 2
22:19:51 22:21:01 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 3
22:21:01 22:29:02 Hagia Sophia
22:29:02 22:36:39 Hagia Sophia
22:36:39 22:49:47 Istanbul Hagia Sophia
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22:59:10 23:06:59 Hagia Sophia
23:06:59 23:11:44 Inside Hagia Sophia
23:11:44 23:14:54 Hagia Sophia
23:14:54 23:20:48 Hagia Sophia
23:20:48 23:25:17 Hagia Sophia 3D
23:25:17 23:26:47 Hagia Sophia
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23:36:47 23:41:14 Hagia Sophia
23:41:14 23:43:57 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
23:43:57 23:48:03 The sound of Hagia Sofia
23:48:03 23:53:53 Hagia Sophia
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00:02:34 00:10:43 Hagia Sophia
00:10:43 00:15:06 Secrets of Hagia Sophia
00:15:06 00:16:53 Hagia Sophia
00:16:53 00:17:59 Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
00:17:59 00:21:15 Hagia Sophia
00:21:15 00:24:58 Three-dimensional reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia
00:24:58 00:25:33 Hagia Sophia - Atrium
00:25:33 00:26:03 Hagia Sophia
00:26:03 00:29:56 Hagia Sophia
00:29:56 00:30:33 Hagia Sophia Model Timelapse
00:30:33 00:35:25 Hagia Sophia
00:35:25 00:41:26 Hagia Sophia
00:41:26 00:57:10 Hagia Sophia
00:57:10 01:04:17 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 1
01:04:17 01:10:01 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 2
01:10:01 01:11:15 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 1
01:11:15 01:12:20 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 2
01:12:20 01:13:30 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 3
01:13:30 01:21:31 Hagia Sophia
01:21:31 01:29:08 Hagia Sophia
01:29:08 01:42:16 Istanbul Hagia Sophia
01:42:16 01:44:02 Hagia Sophia
01:44:02 01:45:41 Hagia Sophia
01:45:41 01:47:11 Hagia Sophia
01:47:11 01:48:00 Hagia Sophia
01:48:00 01:51:39 Hagia Sophia
01:51:39 01:59:28 Hagia Sophia
01:59:28 02:04:13 Inside Hagia Sophia
02:04:13 02:07:23 Hagia Sophia
02:07:23 02:13:17 Hagia Sophia
02:13:17 02:17:46 Hagia Sophia 3D
02:17:46 02:19:16 Hagia Sophia
02:19:16 02:29:16 Hagia Sophia
02:29:16 02:33:43 Hagia Sophia
02:33:43 02:36:26 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
02:36:26 02:40:32 The sound of Hagia Sofia
02:40:32 02:46:22 Hagia Sophia
02:46:22 02:55:03 Hagia Sophia
02:55:03 03:03:12 Hagia Sophia
03:03:12 03:07:35 Secrets of Hagia Sophia
03:07:35 03:09:22 Hagia Sophia
03:09:22 03:10:28 Hagia Sophia in Istanbul
03:10:28 03:13:44 Hagia Sophia
03:13:44 03:17:27 Three-dimensional reconstruction of the Hagia Sophia
03:17:27 03:18:02 Hagia Sophia - Atrium
03:18:02 03:18:32 Hagia Sophia
03:18:32 03:22:25 Hagia Sophia
03:22:25 03:23:02 Hagia Sophia Model Timelapse
03:23:02 03:27:54 Hagia Sophia
03:27:54 03:33:55 Hagia Sophia
03:33:55 03:49:39 Hagia Sophia
03:49:39 03:56:46 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 1
03:56:46 04:02:30 Hagia Sophia Tour Part 2
04:02:30 04:03:44 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 1
04:03:44 04:04:49 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 2
04:04:49 04:05:59 Inside Hagia Sophia Part 3
04:05:59 04:14:00 Hagia Sophia
04:14:00 04:21:37 Hagia Sophia
04:21:37 04:34:45 Istanbul Hagia Sophia
04:34:45 04:36:31 Hagia Sophia
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04:40:29 04:44:08 Hagia Sophia
04:44:08 04:51:57 Hagia Sophia
04:51:57 04:56:42 Inside Hagia Sophia
04:56:42 04:59:52 Hagia Sophia
04:59:52 05:05:46 Hagia Sophia
05:05:46 05:10:15 Hagia Sophia 3D
05:10:15 05:11:45 Hagia Sophia
05:11:45 05:21:45 Hagia Sophia
05:21:45 05:26:12 Hagia Sophia
05:26:12 05:28:55 Art History Abbreviated: Hagia Sophia
05:28:55 05:33:01 The sound of Hagia Sofia
05:33:01 05:38:51 Hagia Sophia
05:38:51 05:47:32 Hagia Sophia
05:47:32 05:55:41 Hagia Sophia
05:55:41 06:00:04 Secrets of Hagia Sophia