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Hortobágy National Park

Hortobágy (Hungarian pronunciation: [ɦortobaːɟ]) is an 800 km² national park in Eastern Hungary, rich with folklore and cultural history. The park, a part of the Alföld (Great Plain), was designated as a national park in 1973 (the first in Hungary), and elected among the World Heritage sites in 1999. The Hortobágy is Hungary's largest protected area, and the largest semi-natural grassland in Europe.

Until recently it was believed that this alkaline steppe was formed by the clear cutting of huge forests in the Middle Ages, followed by measures to control the course of the Tisza River, allegedly resulting in the soil's current structure and pH. However, Hortobágy is much older, with alkalinization estimated to have started ten thousand years ago, when the Tisza first found its way through the Great Hungarian Plain, cutting off many streams from their sources in the Northern Mountains. The formation was finished by grazing animals, mastodons, and wild horses during the Ice Age, followed by domesticated animals.

One of its most iconic sites is the Nine-holed Bridge. Traditional T-shaped sweep wells dot the landscape, as well as the occasional mirage of trees shimmering in the reflected heat of the Puszta. Hortobágy has also had negative connotations. Hortobágy was a place where Hungarian Stalinists sent their political opponents to work in forced labour, especially after the Resolution of Informbiro (Cominform or Communist Information Bureau). In much the same way as prison Goli otok functioned in Tito's Yugoslavia (see Tito–Stalin split) and Bărăgan in Romania.

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03:00:00 03:04:56 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
03:04:56 03:06:39 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
03:06:39 03:12:05 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
03:12:05 03:16:31 The Hortobagy
03:16:31 03:19:01 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
03:19:01 03:22:38 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
03:22:38 03:22:47 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
03:22:47 03:26:14 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
03:26:14 03:26:39 Hortobágy National Park
03:26:39 03:27:02 Hortobagy
03:27:02 03:27:33 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
03:27:33 03:28:41 Horses of Hortobagy
03:28:41 03:30:00 Hortobagy
03:30:00 03:31:37 The Hungarian Puszta
03:31:37 03:33:02 Hortobagy
03:33:02 03:33:48 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
03:33:48 03:38:28 Hortobagy National Park
03:38:28 03:44:45 Hortobagy National Park
03:44:45 03:57:47 Hortobagy National Park
03:57:47 04:09:16 Hortobagy National Park
04:09:16 04:23:50 Hortobagy National Park
04:23:50 04:32:40 Hortobagy National Park
04:32:40 04:46:41 Hortobagy
04:46:41 05:01:18 Hortobagy National Park
05:01:18 05:13:14 Hortobagy National Park
05:13:14 05:21:25 Hortobagy National Park
05:21:25 05:26:21 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
05:26:21 05:28:04 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
05:28:04 05:33:30 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
05:33:30 05:37:56 The Hortobagy
05:37:56 05:40:26 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
05:40:26 05:44:03 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
05:44:03 05:44:12 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
05:44:12 05:47:39 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
05:47:39 05:48:04 Hortobágy National Park
05:48:04 05:48:27 Hortobagy
05:48:27 05:48:58 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
05:48:58 05:50:06 Horses of Hortobagy
05:50:06 05:51:25 Hortobagy
05:51:25 05:53:02 The Hungarian Puszta
05:53:02 05:54:27 Hortobagy
05:54:27 05:55:13 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
05:55:13 05:59:53 Hortobagy National Park
05:59:53 06:06:10 Hortobagy National Park
06:06:10 06:19:12 Hortobagy National Park
06:19:12 06:30:41 Hortobagy National Park
06:30:41 06:45:15 Hortobagy National Park
06:45:15 06:54:05 Hortobagy National Park
06:54:05 07:08:06 Hortobagy
07:08:06 07:22:43 Hortobagy National Park
07:22:43 07:34:39 Hortobagy National Park
07:34:39 07:42:50 Hortobagy National Park
07:42:50 07:47:46 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
07:47:46 07:49:29 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
07:49:29 07:54:55 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
07:54:55 07:59:21 The Hortobagy
07:59:21 08:01:51 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
08:01:51 08:05:28 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
08:05:28 08:05:37 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
08:05:37 08:09:04 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
08:09:04 08:09:29 Hortobágy National Park
08:09:29 08:09:52 Hortobagy
08:09:52 08:10:23 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
08:10:23 08:11:31 Horses of Hortobagy
08:11:31 08:12:50 Hortobagy
08:12:50 08:14:27 The Hungarian Puszta
08:14:27 08:15:52 Hortobagy
08:15:52 08:16:38 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
08:16:38 08:21:18 Hortobagy National Park
08:21:18 08:27:35 Hortobagy National Park
08:27:35 08:40:37 Hortobagy National Park
08:40:37 08:52:06 Hortobagy National Park
08:52:06 09:06:40 Hortobagy National Park
09:06:40 09:15:30 Hortobagy National Park
09:15:30 09:29:31 Hortobagy
09:29:31 09:44:08 Hortobagy National Park
09:44:08 09:56:04 Hortobagy National Park
09:56:04 10:04:15 Hortobagy National Park
10:04:15 10:09:11 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
10:09:11 10:10:54 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
10:10:54 10:16:20 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
10:16:20 10:20:46 The Hortobagy
10:20:46 10:23:16 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
10:23:16 10:26:53 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
10:26:53 10:27:02 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
10:27:02 10:30:29 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
10:30:29 10:30:54 Hortobágy National Park
10:30:54 10:31:17 Hortobagy
10:31:17 10:31:48 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
10:31:48 10:32:56 Horses of Hortobagy
10:32:56 10:34:15 Hortobagy
10:34:15 10:35:52 The Hungarian Puszta
10:35:52 10:37:17 Hortobagy
10:37:17 10:38:03 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
10:38:03 10:42:43 Hortobagy National Park
10:42:43 10:49:00 Hortobagy National Park
10:49:00 11:02:02 Hortobagy National Park
11:02:02 11:13:31 Hortobagy National Park
11:13:31 11:28:05 Hortobagy National Park
11:28:05 11:36:55 Hortobagy National Park
11:36:55 11:50:56 Hortobagy
11:50:56 12:05:33 Hortobagy National Park
12:05:33 12:17:29 Hortobagy National Park
12:17:29 12:25:40 Hortobagy National Park
12:25:40 12:30:36 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
12:30:36 12:32:19 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
12:32:19 12:37:45 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
12:37:45 12:42:11 The Hortobagy
12:42:11 12:44:41 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
12:44:41 12:48:18 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
12:48:18 12:48:27 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
12:48:27 12:51:54 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
12:51:54 12:52:19 Hortobágy National Park
12:52:19 12:52:42 Hortobagy
12:52:42 12:53:13 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
12:53:13 12:54:21 Horses of Hortobagy
12:54:21 12:55:40 Hortobagy
12:55:40 12:57:17 The Hungarian Puszta
12:57:17 12:58:42 Hortobagy
12:58:42 12:59:28 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
12:59:28 13:04:08 Hortobagy National Park
13:04:08 13:10:25 Hortobagy National Park
13:10:25 13:23:27 Hortobagy National Park
13:23:27 13:34:56 Hortobagy National Park
13:34:56 13:49:30 Hortobagy National Park
13:49:30 13:58:20 Hortobagy National Park
13:58:20 14:12:21 Hortobagy
14:12:21 14:26:58 Hortobagy National Park
14:26:58 14:38:54 Hortobagy National Park
14:38:54 14:47:05 Hortobagy National Park
14:47:05 14:52:01 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
14:52:01 14:53:44 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
14:53:44 14:59:10 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
14:59:10 15:03:36 The Hortobagy
15:03:36 15:06:06 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
15:06:06 15:09:43 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
15:09:43 15:09:52 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
15:09:52 15:13:19 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
15:13:19 15:13:44 Hortobágy National Park
15:13:44 15:14:07 Hortobagy
15:14:07 15:14:38 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
15:14:38 15:15:46 Horses of Hortobagy
15:15:46 15:17:05 Hortobagy
15:17:05 15:18:42 The Hungarian Puszta
15:18:42 15:20:07 Hortobagy
15:20:07 15:20:53 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
15:20:53 15:25:33 Hortobagy National Park
15:25:33 15:31:50 Hortobagy National Park
15:31:50 15:44:52 Hortobagy National Park
15:44:52 15:56:21 Hortobagy National Park
15:56:21 16:10:55 Hortobagy National Park
16:10:55 16:19:45 Hortobagy National Park
16:19:45 16:33:46 Hortobagy
16:33:46 16:48:23 Hortobagy National Park
16:48:23 17:00:19 Hortobagy National Park
17:00:19 17:08:30 Hortobagy National Park
17:08:30 17:13:26 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
17:13:26 17:15:09 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
17:15:09 17:20:35 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
17:20:35 17:25:01 The Hortobagy
17:25:01 17:27:31 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
17:27:31 17:31:08 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
17:31:08 17:31:17 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
17:31:17 17:34:44 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
17:34:44 17:35:09 Hortobágy National Park
17:35:09 17:35:32 Hortobagy
17:35:32 17:36:03 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
17:36:03 17:37:11 Horses of Hortobagy
17:37:11 17:38:30 Hortobagy
17:38:30 17:40:07 The Hungarian Puszta
17:40:07 17:41:32 Hortobagy
17:41:32 17:42:18 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
17:42:18 17:46:58 Hortobagy National Park
17:46:58 17:53:15 Hortobagy National Park
17:53:15 18:06:17 Hortobagy National Park
18:06:17 18:17:46 Hortobagy National Park
18:17:46 18:32:20 Hortobagy National Park
18:32:20 18:41:10 Hortobagy National Park
18:41:10 18:55:11 Hortobagy
18:55:11 19:09:48 Hortobagy National Park
19:09:48 19:21:44 Hortobagy National Park
19:21:44 19:29:55 Hortobagy National Park
19:29:55 19:34:51 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
19:34:51 19:36:34 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
19:36:34 19:42:00 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
19:42:00 19:46:26 The Hortobagy
19:46:26 19:48:56 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
19:48:56 19:52:33 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
19:52:33 19:52:42 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
19:52:42 19:56:09 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
19:56:09 19:56:34 Hortobágy National Park
19:56:34 19:56:57 Hortobagy
19:56:57 19:57:28 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
19:57:28 19:58:36 Horses of Hortobagy
19:58:36 19:59:55 Hortobagy
19:59:55 20:01:32 The Hungarian Puszta
20:01:32 20:02:57 Hortobagy
20:02:57 20:03:43 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
20:03:43 20:08:23 Hortobagy National Park
20:08:23 20:14:40 Hortobagy National Park
20:14:40 20:27:42 Hortobagy National Park
20:27:42 20:39:11 Hortobagy National Park
20:39:11 20:53:45 Hortobagy National Park
20:53:45 21:02:35 Hortobagy National Park
21:02:35 21:16:36 Hortobagy
21:16:36 21:31:13 Hortobagy National Park
21:31:13 21:43:09 Hortobagy National Park
21:43:09 21:51:20 Hortobagy National Park
21:51:20 21:56:16 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
21:56:16 21:57:59 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
21:57:59 22:03:25 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
22:03:25 22:07:51 The Hortobagy
22:07:51 22:10:21 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
22:10:21 22:13:58 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
22:13:58 22:14:07 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
22:14:07 22:17:34 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
22:17:34 22:17:59 Hortobágy National Park
22:17:59 22:18:22 Hortobagy
22:18:22 22:18:53 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
22:18:53 22:20:01 Horses of Hortobagy
22:20:01 22:21:20 Hortobagy
22:21:20 22:22:57 The Hungarian Puszta
22:22:57 22:24:22 Hortobagy
22:24:22 22:25:08 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
22:25:08 22:29:48 Hortobagy National Park
22:29:48 22:36:05 Hortobagy National Park
22:36:05 22:49:07 Hortobagy National Park
22:49:07 23:00:36 Hortobagy National Park
23:00:36 23:15:10 Hortobagy National Park
23:15:10 23:24:00 Hortobagy National Park
23:24:00 23:38:01 Hortobagy
23:38:01 23:52:38 Hortobagy National Park
23:52:38 00:04:34 Hortobagy National Park
00:04:34 00:12:45 Hortobagy National Park
00:12:45 00:17:41 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
00:17:41 00:19:24 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
00:19:24 00:24:50 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
00:24:50 00:29:16 The Hortobagy
00:29:16 00:31:46 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
00:31:46 00:35:23 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
00:35:23 00:35:32 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
00:35:32 00:38:59 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
00:38:59 00:39:24 Hortobágy National Park
00:39:24 00:39:47 Hortobagy
00:39:47 00:40:18 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
00:40:18 00:41:26 Horses of Hortobagy
00:41:26 00:42:45 Hortobagy
00:42:45 00:44:22 The Hungarian Puszta
00:44:22 00:45:47 Hortobagy
00:45:47 00:46:33 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
00:46:33 00:51:13 Hortobagy National Park
00:51:13 00:57:30 Hortobagy National Park
00:57:30 01:10:32 Hortobagy National Park
01:10:32 01:22:01 Hortobagy National Park
01:22:01 01:36:35 Hortobagy National Park
01:36:35 01:45:25 Hortobagy National Park
01:45:25 01:59:26 Hortobagy
01:59:26 02:14:03 Hortobagy National Park
02:14:03 02:25:59 Hortobagy National Park
02:25:59 02:34:10 Hortobagy National Park
02:34:10 02:39:06 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
02:39:06 02:40:49 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
02:40:49 02:46:15 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
02:46:15 02:50:41 The Hortobagy
02:50:41 02:53:11 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
02:53:11 02:56:48 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
02:56:48 02:56:57 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
02:56:57 03:00:24 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy