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Hortobágy National Park

Hortobágy (Hungarian pronunciation: [ɦortobaːɟ]) is an 800 km² national park in Eastern Hungary, rich with folklore and cultural history. The park, a part of the Alföld (Great Plain), was designated as a national park in 1973 (the first in Hungary), and elected among the World Heritage sites in 1999. The Hortobágy is Hungary's largest protected area, and the largest semi-natural grassland in Europe.

Until recently it was believed that this alkaline steppe was formed by the clear cutting of huge forests in the Middle Ages, followed by measures to control the course of the Tisza River, allegedly resulting in the soil's current structure and pH. However, Hortobágy is much older, with alkalinization estimated to have started ten thousand years ago, when the Tisza first found its way through the Great Hungarian Plain, cutting off many streams from their sources in the Northern Mountains. The formation was finished by grazing animals, mastodons, and wild horses during the Ice Age, followed by domesticated animals.

One of its most iconic sites is the Nine-holed Bridge. Traditional T-shaped sweep wells dot the landscape, as well as the occasional mirage of trees shimmering in the reflected heat of the Puszta. Hortobágy has also had negative connotations. Hortobágy was a place where Hungarian Stalinists sent their political opponents to work in forced labour, especially after the Resolution of Informbiro (Cominform or Communist Information Bureau). In much the same way as prison Goli otok functioned in Tito's Yugoslavia (see Tito–Stalin split) and Bărăgan in Romania.

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06:00:00 06:04:56 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
06:04:56 06:06:39 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
06:06:39 06:12:05 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
06:12:05 06:16:31 The Hortobagy
06:16:31 06:19:01 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
06:19:01 06:22:38 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
06:22:38 06:22:47 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
06:22:47 06:26:14 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
06:26:14 06:26:39 Hortobágy National Park
06:26:39 06:27:02 Hortobagy
06:27:02 06:27:33 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
06:27:33 06:28:41 Horses of Hortobagy
06:28:41 06:30:00 Hortobagy
06:30:00 06:31:37 The Hungarian Puszta
06:31:37 06:33:02 Hortobagy
06:33:02 06:33:48 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
06:33:48 06:38:28 Hortobagy National Park
06:38:28 06:44:45 Hortobagy National Park
06:44:45 06:57:47 Hortobagy National Park
06:57:47 07:09:16 Hortobagy National Park
07:09:16 07:23:50 Hortobagy National Park
07:23:50 07:32:40 Hortobagy National Park
07:32:40 07:46:41 Hortobagy
07:46:41 08:01:18 Hortobagy National Park
08:01:18 08:13:14 Hortobagy National Park
08:13:14 08:21:25 Hortobagy National Park
08:21:25 08:26:21 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
08:26:21 08:28:04 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
08:28:04 08:33:30 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
08:33:30 08:37:56 The Hortobagy
08:37:56 08:40:26 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
08:40:26 08:44:03 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
08:44:03 08:44:12 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
08:44:12 08:47:39 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
08:47:39 08:48:04 Hortobágy National Park
08:48:04 08:48:27 Hortobagy
08:48:27 08:48:58 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
08:48:58 08:50:06 Horses of Hortobagy
08:50:06 08:51:25 Hortobagy
08:51:25 08:53:02 The Hungarian Puszta
08:53:02 08:54:27 Hortobagy
08:54:27 08:55:13 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
08:55:13 08:59:53 Hortobagy National Park
08:59:53 09:06:10 Hortobagy National Park
09:06:10 09:19:12 Hortobagy National Park
09:19:12 09:30:41 Hortobagy National Park
09:30:41 09:45:15 Hortobagy National Park
09:45:15 09:54:05 Hortobagy National Park
09:54:05 10:08:06 Hortobagy
10:08:06 10:22:43 Hortobagy National Park
10:22:43 10:34:39 Hortobagy National Park
10:34:39 10:42:50 Hortobagy National Park
10:42:50 10:47:46 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
10:47:46 10:49:29 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
10:49:29 10:54:55 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
10:54:55 10:59:21 The Hortobagy
10:59:21 11:01:51 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
11:01:51 11:05:28 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
11:05:28 11:05:37 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
11:05:37 11:09:04 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
11:09:04 11:09:29 Hortobágy National Park
11:09:29 11:09:52 Hortobagy
11:09:52 11:10:23 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
11:10:23 11:11:31 Horses of Hortobagy
11:11:31 11:12:50 Hortobagy
11:12:50 11:14:27 The Hungarian Puszta
11:14:27 11:15:52 Hortobagy
11:15:52 11:16:38 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
11:16:38 11:21:18 Hortobagy National Park
11:21:18 11:27:35 Hortobagy National Park
11:27:35 11:40:37 Hortobagy National Park
11:40:37 11:52:06 Hortobagy National Park
11:52:06 12:06:40 Hortobagy National Park
12:06:40 12:15:30 Hortobagy National Park
12:15:30 12:29:31 Hortobagy
12:29:31 12:44:08 Hortobagy National Park
12:44:08 12:56:04 Hortobagy National Park
12:56:04 13:04:15 Hortobagy National Park
13:04:15 13:09:11 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
13:09:11 13:10:54 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
13:10:54 13:16:20 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
13:16:20 13:20:46 The Hortobagy
13:20:46 13:23:16 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
13:23:16 13:26:53 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
13:26:53 13:27:02 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
13:27:02 13:30:29 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
13:30:29 13:30:54 Hortobágy National Park
13:30:54 13:31:17 Hortobagy
13:31:17 13:31:48 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
13:31:48 13:32:56 Horses of Hortobagy
13:32:56 13:34:15 Hortobagy
13:34:15 13:35:52 The Hungarian Puszta
13:35:52 13:37:17 Hortobagy
13:37:17 13:38:03 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
13:38:03 13:42:43 Hortobagy National Park
13:42:43 13:49:00 Hortobagy National Park
13:49:00 14:02:02 Hortobagy National Park
14:02:02 14:13:31 Hortobagy National Park
14:13:31 14:28:05 Hortobagy National Park
14:28:05 14:36:55 Hortobagy National Park
14:36:55 14:50:56 Hortobagy
14:50:56 15:05:33 Hortobagy National Park
15:05:33 15:17:29 Hortobagy National Park
15:17:29 15:25:40 Hortobagy National Park
15:25:40 15:30:36 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
15:30:36 15:32:19 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
15:32:19 15:37:45 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
15:37:45 15:42:11 The Hortobagy
15:42:11 15:44:41 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
15:44:41 15:48:18 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
15:48:18 15:48:27 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
15:48:27 15:51:54 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
15:51:54 15:52:19 Hortobágy National Park
15:52:19 15:52:42 Hortobagy
15:52:42 15:53:13 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
15:53:13 15:54:21 Horses of Hortobagy
15:54:21 15:55:40 Hortobagy
15:55:40 15:57:17 The Hungarian Puszta
15:57:17 15:58:42 Hortobagy
15:58:42 15:59:28 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
15:59:28 16:04:08 Hortobagy National Park
16:04:08 16:10:25 Hortobagy National Park
16:10:25 16:23:27 Hortobagy National Park
16:23:27 16:34:56 Hortobagy National Park
16:34:56 16:49:30 Hortobagy National Park
16:49:30 16:58:20 Hortobagy National Park
16:58:20 17:12:21 Hortobagy
17:12:21 17:26:58 Hortobagy National Park
17:26:58 17:38:54 Hortobagy National Park
17:38:54 17:47:05 Hortobagy National Park
17:47:05 17:52:01 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
17:52:01 17:53:44 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
17:53:44 17:59:10 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
17:59:10 18:03:36 The Hortobagy
18:03:36 18:06:06 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
18:06:06 18:09:43 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
18:09:43 18:09:52 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
18:09:52 18:13:19 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
18:13:19 18:13:44 Hortobágy National Park
18:13:44 18:14:07 Hortobagy
18:14:07 18:14:38 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
18:14:38 18:15:46 Horses of Hortobagy
18:15:46 18:17:05 Hortobagy
18:17:05 18:18:42 The Hungarian Puszta
18:18:42 18:20:07 Hortobagy
18:20:07 18:20:53 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
18:20:53 18:25:33 Hortobagy National Park
18:25:33 18:31:50 Hortobagy National Park
18:31:50 18:44:52 Hortobagy National Park
18:44:52 18:56:21 Hortobagy National Park
18:56:21 19:10:55 Hortobagy National Park
19:10:55 19:19:45 Hortobagy National Park
19:19:45 19:33:46 Hortobagy
19:33:46 19:48:23 Hortobagy National Park
19:48:23 20:00:19 Hortobagy National Park
20:00:19 20:08:30 Hortobagy National Park
20:08:30 20:13:26 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
20:13:26 20:15:09 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
20:15:09 20:20:35 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
20:20:35 20:25:01 The Hortobagy
20:25:01 20:27:31 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
20:27:31 20:31:08 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
20:31:08 20:31:17 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
20:31:17 20:34:44 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
20:34:44 20:35:09 Hortobágy National Park
20:35:09 20:35:32 Hortobagy
20:35:32 20:36:03 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
20:36:03 20:37:11 Horses of Hortobagy
20:37:11 20:38:30 Hortobagy
20:38:30 20:40:07 The Hungarian Puszta
20:40:07 20:41:32 Hortobagy
20:41:32 20:42:18 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
20:42:18 20:46:58 Hortobagy National Park
20:46:58 20:53:15 Hortobagy National Park
20:53:15 21:06:17 Hortobagy National Park
21:06:17 21:17:46 Hortobagy National Park
21:17:46 21:32:20 Hortobagy National Park
21:32:20 21:41:10 Hortobagy National Park
21:41:10 21:55:11 Hortobagy
21:55:11 22:09:48 Hortobagy National Park
22:09:48 22:21:44 Hortobagy National Park
22:21:44 22:29:55 Hortobagy National Park
22:29:55 22:34:51 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
22:34:51 22:36:34 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
22:36:34 22:42:00 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
22:42:00 22:46:26 The Hortobagy
22:46:26 22:48:56 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
22:48:56 22:52:33 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
22:52:33 22:52:42 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
22:52:42 22:56:09 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
22:56:09 22:56:34 Hortobágy National Park
22:56:34 22:56:57 Hortobagy
22:56:57 22:57:28 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
22:57:28 22:58:36 Horses of Hortobagy
22:58:36 22:59:55 Hortobagy
22:59:55 23:01:32 The Hungarian Puszta
23:01:32 23:02:57 Hortobagy
23:02:57 23:03:43 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
23:03:43 23:08:23 Hortobagy National Park
23:08:23 23:14:40 Hortobagy National Park
23:14:40 23:27:42 Hortobagy National Park
23:27:42 23:39:11 Hortobagy National Park
23:39:11 23:53:45 Hortobagy National Park
23:53:45 00:02:35 Hortobagy National Park
00:02:35 00:16:36 Hortobagy
00:16:36 00:31:13 Hortobagy National Park
00:31:13 00:43:09 Hortobagy National Park
00:43:09 00:51:20 Hortobagy National Park
00:51:20 00:56:16 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
00:56:16 00:57:59 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
00:57:59 01:03:25 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
01:03:25 01:07:51 The Hortobagy
01:07:51 01:10:21 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
01:10:21 01:13:58 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
01:13:58 01:14:07 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
01:14:07 01:17:34 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
01:17:34 01:17:59 Hortobágy National Park
01:17:59 01:18:22 Hortobagy
01:18:22 01:18:53 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
01:18:53 01:20:01 Horses of Hortobagy
01:20:01 01:21:20 Hortobagy
01:21:20 01:22:57 The Hungarian Puszta
01:22:57 01:24:22 Hortobagy
01:24:22 01:25:08 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
01:25:08 01:29:48 Hortobagy National Park
01:29:48 01:36:05 Hortobagy National Park
01:36:05 01:49:07 Hortobagy National Park
01:49:07 02:00:36 Hortobagy National Park
02:00:36 02:15:10 Hortobagy National Park
02:15:10 02:24:00 Hortobagy National Park
02:24:00 02:38:01 Hortobagy
02:38:01 02:52:38 Hortobagy National Park
02:52:38 03:04:34 Hortobagy National Park
03:04:34 03:12:45 Hortobagy National Park
03:12:45 03:17:41 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
03:17:41 03:19:24 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
03:19:24 03:24:50 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
03:24:50 03:29:16 The Hortobagy
03:29:16 03:31:46 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
03:31:46 03:35:23 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
03:35:23 03:35:32 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
03:35:32 03:38:59 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy
03:38:59 03:39:24 Hortobágy National Park
03:39:24 03:39:47 Hortobagy
03:39:47 03:40:18 Hortobágy Hungarian "gulyás"
03:40:18 03:41:26 Horses of Hortobagy
03:41:26 03:42:45 Hortobagy
03:42:45 03:44:22 The Hungarian Puszta
03:44:22 03:45:47 Hortobagy
03:45:47 03:46:33 Dotterel - Charadrius morinellus
03:46:33 03:51:13 Hortobagy National Park
03:51:13 03:57:30 Hortobagy National Park
03:57:30 04:10:32 Hortobagy National Park
04:10:32 04:22:01 Hortobagy National Park
04:22:01 04:36:35 Hortobagy National Park
04:36:35 04:45:25 Hortobagy National Park
04:45:25 04:59:26 Hortobagy
04:59:26 05:14:03 Hortobagy National Park
05:14:03 05:25:59 Hortobagy National Park
05:25:59 05:34:10 Hortobagy National Park
05:34:10 05:39:06 HORTOBAGY NATIONAL PARK
05:39:06 05:40:49 Hortobágy National Park - Puszta Tour
05:40:49 05:46:15 Boating in Hortobagy National Park
05:46:15 05:50:41 The Hortobagy
05:50:41 05:53:11 Hortobágy, Hungary - UNESCO World heritage sight
05:53:11 05:56:48 Hungarian National Parks Hortobágy
05:56:48 05:56:57 Bearded tit in the Hortobagy National Park
05:56:57 06:00:24 Hungarian Great Plain and Hortobágy