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Statue of Liberty

The Statue of Liberty (Liberty Enlightening the World; French: La Liberté éclairant le monde) is a colossal neoclassical sculpture on Liberty Island in the middle of New York Harbor, in Manhattan, New York City. The statue, designed by Frédéric Auguste Bartholdi and dedicated on October 28, 1886, was a gift to the United States from the people of France. The statue is of a robed female figure representing Libertas, the Roman goddess of freedom, who bears a torch and a tabula ansata (a tablet evoking the law) upon which is inscribed the date of the American Declaration of Independence, July 4, 1776. A broken chain lies at her feet. The statue is an icon of freedom and of the United States: a welcoming signal to immigrants arriving from abroad.

Bartholdi was inspired by French law professor and politician Édouard René de Laboulaye, who commented in 1865 that any monument raised to American independence would properly be a joint project of the French and American peoples. Due to the troubled political situation in France, work on the statue did not commence until the early 1870s. In 1875, Laboulaye proposed that the French finance the statue and the Americans provide the site and build the pedestal. Bartholdi completed the head and the torch-bearing arm before the statue was fully designed, and these pieces were exhibited for publicity at international expositions.

The torch-bearing arm displayed at the Centennial Exposition in 1876 and in New York's Madison Square Park from 1876 to 1882. Fundraising proved difficult, especially for the Americans, and by 1885 work on the pedestal was threatened due to lack of funds. Publisher Joseph Pulitzer of the World started a drive for donations to complete the project that attracted more than 120,000 contributors, most of whom gave less than a dollar. The statue was constructed in France, shipped overseas in crates, and assembled on the completed pedestal on what was then called Bedloe's Island. The statue's completion was marked by New York's first ticker-tape parade and a dedication ceremony presided over by President Grover Cleveland.

The statue was administered by the United States Lighthouse Board until 1901 and then by the Department of War; since 1933 it has been maintained by the National Park Service. The statue was closed for renovation for much of 1938. In the early 1980s, it was found to have deteriorated to such an extent that a major restoration was required. While the statue was closed from 1984 to 1986, the torch and a large part of the internal structure were replaced.

After the September 11 attacks in 2001, it was closed for reasons of safety and security; the pedestal reopened in 2004 and the statue in 2009, with limits on the number of visitors allowed to ascend to the crown. The statue, including the pedestal and base, was closed for a year until October 28, 2012, so that a secondary staircase and other safety features could be installed; Liberty Island remained open. However, one day after the reopening, Liberty Island closed due to the effects of Hurricane Sandy, and the island remains off limits to the public. Public access to the balcony surrounding the torch has been barred for safety reasons since 1916. The statue will reopen to the public by July 4, 2013.

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06:00:00 06:03:43 The History of The Statue of Liberty
06:03:43 06:05:59 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island - 2 minute tour
06:05:59 06:10:45 Happy 125th birthday, Statue of Liberty
06:10:45 06:14:28 The History of The Statue of Liberty
06:14:28 06:28:35 The Statue of Liberty Was Built to Secretly Represent Lucifer -- Featuring Mark Dice
06:28:35 06:35:05 THE STORY OF THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
06:35:05 06:38:02 New York City's Statue of Liberty - 2 Minute Tour
06:38:02 06:39:43 Statue of Liberty reopens
06:39:43 07:07:46 The Statue Of Liberty: Body Of Iron, Soul Of Fire (1986)
07:07:46 07:29:04 How They Built the Statue of Liberty
07:29:04 07:33:17 Statue of Liberty Centennial: fireworks
07:33:17 07:36:13 TIME LAPSE OF HURRICANE SANDY - STATUE OF LIBERTY
07:36:13 07:39:59 Top 10 Film Appearances of The Statue of Liberty
07:39:59 07:41:50 10 Curious Facts About The Statue of Liberty
07:41:50 07:44:52 Statue of Liberty Pop-up Card
07:44:52 07:46:33 US celebrates Independence Day as Statue of Liberty reopens
07:46:33 07:48:40 Statue of Liberty; Honor History, Envision and the Future
07:48:40 07:51:02 The Statue of Liberty lit up with fireworks for birthday
07:51:02 07:54:15 GED 500 Small History about Statue of Liberty
07:54:15 07:57:31 Statue of Liberty - Grade School Project
07:57:31 07:59:27 Statue of Liberty in a Nutshell
07:59:27 08:05:42 Today Show Salazar Statue of Liberty will reopen July 4
08:05:42 08:08:55 NEW STATUE OF LIBERTY ANTHEM OF FREEDOM
08:08:55 08:10:32 True color of Statue of Liberty
08:10:32 08:16:17 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island highlights
08:16:17 08:18:06 Statue of Liberty's crown reopens
08:18:06 08:29:26 The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Recovering After Hurricane Sandy | AiirSource
08:29:26 08:31:04 Statue of Liberty
08:31:04 08:34:06 Statue of Liberty, New York, USA
08:34:06 08:35:19 The Statue of Liberty - NYC, New York
08:35:19 08:42:25 Vintage Statue of Liberty
08:42:25 08:46:52 New York Documentary
08:46:52 08:55:34 Statue of Liberty Centennial: Boston Pops perform at Liberty Park
08:55:34 08:57:04 Original Statue of Liberty
08:57:04 08:58:34 First Person: Statue of Liberty's 125th Birthday
08:58:34 09:00:54 Obama whiffs history of Statue of Liberty
09:00:54 09:01:48 Inside Statue of Liberty's crown
09:01:48 09:02:59 Statue of Liberty , New York City (Share Your Thoughts on 125th Birthday!)
09:02:59 09:05:47 Statue of Liberty 200th Anniversary Fireworks
09:05:47 09:10:25 Drawing: Statue of Liberty
09:10:25 09:13:30 This Week In History: Statue Of Liberty Arrives From France, Moves Into Cramped Tenement Building
09:13:30 09:16:34 ellis island, the statue of liberty
09:16:34 09:30:00 Ellis Island Part 1 of 2
09:30:00 09:43:40 Ellis Island Part 2 of 2
09:43:40 09:46:07 Statue of Liberty Reopens for Independence Day After Sandy
09:46:07 09:54:51 The Statue of Liberty
09:54:51 10:04:50 Statue of Liberty 125th Anniversary Fireworks.
10:04:50 10:08:33 The History of The Statue of Liberty
10:08:33 10:10:49 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island - 2 minute tour
10:10:49 10:15:35 Happy 125th birthday, Statue of Liberty
10:15:35 10:19:18 The History of The Statue of Liberty
10:19:18 10:33:25 The Statue of Liberty Was Built to Secretly Represent Lucifer -- Featuring Mark Dice
10:33:25 10:39:55 THE STORY OF THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
10:39:55 10:42:52 New York City's Statue of Liberty - 2 Minute Tour
10:42:52 10:44:33 Statue of Liberty reopens
10:44:33 11:12:36 The Statue Of Liberty: Body Of Iron, Soul Of Fire (1986)
11:12:36 11:33:54 How They Built the Statue of Liberty
11:33:54 11:38:07 Statue of Liberty Centennial: fireworks
11:38:07 11:41:03 TIME LAPSE OF HURRICANE SANDY - STATUE OF LIBERTY
11:41:03 11:44:49 Top 10 Film Appearances of The Statue of Liberty
11:44:49 11:46:40 10 Curious Facts About The Statue of Liberty
11:46:40 11:49:42 Statue of Liberty Pop-up Card
11:49:42 11:51:23 US celebrates Independence Day as Statue of Liberty reopens
11:51:23 11:53:30 Statue of Liberty; Honor History, Envision and the Future
11:53:30 11:55:52 The Statue of Liberty lit up with fireworks for birthday
11:55:52 11:59:05 GED 500 Small History about Statue of Liberty
11:59:05 12:02:21 Statue of Liberty - Grade School Project
12:02:21 12:04:17 Statue of Liberty in a Nutshell
12:04:17 12:10:32 Today Show Salazar Statue of Liberty will reopen July 4
12:10:32 12:13:45 NEW STATUE OF LIBERTY ANTHEM OF FREEDOM
12:13:45 12:15:22 True color of Statue of Liberty
12:15:22 12:21:07 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island highlights
12:21:07 12:22:56 Statue of Liberty's crown reopens
12:22:56 12:34:16 The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Recovering After Hurricane Sandy | AiirSource
12:34:16 12:35:54 Statue of Liberty
12:35:54 12:38:56 Statue of Liberty, New York, USA
12:38:56 12:40:09 The Statue of Liberty - NYC, New York
12:40:09 12:47:15 Vintage Statue of Liberty
12:47:15 12:51:42 New York Documentary
12:51:42 13:00:24 Statue of Liberty Centennial: Boston Pops perform at Liberty Park
13:00:24 13:01:54 Original Statue of Liberty
13:01:54 13:03:24 First Person: Statue of Liberty's 125th Birthday
13:03:24 13:05:44 Obama whiffs history of Statue of Liberty
13:05:44 13:06:38 Inside Statue of Liberty's crown
13:06:38 13:07:49 Statue of Liberty , New York City (Share Your Thoughts on 125th Birthday!)
13:07:49 13:10:37 Statue of Liberty 200th Anniversary Fireworks
13:10:37 13:15:15 Drawing: Statue of Liberty
13:15:15 13:18:20 This Week In History: Statue Of Liberty Arrives From France, Moves Into Cramped Tenement Building
13:18:20 13:21:24 ellis island, the statue of liberty
13:21:24 13:34:50 Ellis Island Part 1 of 2
13:34:50 13:48:30 Ellis Island Part 2 of 2
13:48:30 13:50:57 Statue of Liberty Reopens for Independence Day After Sandy
13:50:57 13:59:41 The Statue of Liberty
13:59:41 14:09:40 Statue of Liberty 125th Anniversary Fireworks.
14:09:40 14:13:23 The History of The Statue of Liberty
14:13:23 14:15:39 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island - 2 minute tour
14:15:39 14:20:25 Happy 125th birthday, Statue of Liberty
14:20:25 14:24:08 The History of The Statue of Liberty
14:24:08 14:38:15 The Statue of Liberty Was Built to Secretly Represent Lucifer -- Featuring Mark Dice
14:38:15 14:44:45 THE STORY OF THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
14:44:45 14:47:42 New York City's Statue of Liberty - 2 Minute Tour
14:47:42 14:49:23 Statue of Liberty reopens
14:49:23 15:17:26 The Statue Of Liberty: Body Of Iron, Soul Of Fire (1986)
15:17:26 15:38:44 How They Built the Statue of Liberty
15:38:44 15:42:57 Statue of Liberty Centennial: fireworks
15:42:57 15:45:53 TIME LAPSE OF HURRICANE SANDY - STATUE OF LIBERTY
15:45:53 15:49:39 Top 10 Film Appearances of The Statue of Liberty
15:49:39 15:51:30 10 Curious Facts About The Statue of Liberty
15:51:30 15:54:32 Statue of Liberty Pop-up Card
15:54:32 15:56:13 US celebrates Independence Day as Statue of Liberty reopens
15:56:13 15:58:20 Statue of Liberty; Honor History, Envision and the Future
15:58:20 16:00:42 The Statue of Liberty lit up with fireworks for birthday
16:00:42 16:03:55 GED 500 Small History about Statue of Liberty
16:03:55 16:07:11 Statue of Liberty - Grade School Project
16:07:11 16:09:07 Statue of Liberty in a Nutshell
16:09:07 16:15:22 Today Show Salazar Statue of Liberty will reopen July 4
16:15:22 16:18:35 NEW STATUE OF LIBERTY ANTHEM OF FREEDOM
16:18:35 16:20:12 True color of Statue of Liberty
16:20:12 16:25:57 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island highlights
16:25:57 16:27:46 Statue of Liberty's crown reopens
16:27:46 16:39:06 The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Recovering After Hurricane Sandy | AiirSource
16:39:06 16:40:44 Statue of Liberty
16:40:44 16:43:46 Statue of Liberty, New York, USA
16:43:46 16:44:59 The Statue of Liberty - NYC, New York
16:44:59 16:52:05 Vintage Statue of Liberty
16:52:05 16:56:32 New York Documentary
16:56:32 17:05:14 Statue of Liberty Centennial: Boston Pops perform at Liberty Park
17:05:14 17:06:44 Original Statue of Liberty
17:06:44 17:08:14 First Person: Statue of Liberty's 125th Birthday
17:08:14 17:10:34 Obama whiffs history of Statue of Liberty
17:10:34 17:11:28 Inside Statue of Liberty's crown
17:11:28 17:12:39 Statue of Liberty , New York City (Share Your Thoughts on 125th Birthday!)
17:12:39 17:15:27 Statue of Liberty 200th Anniversary Fireworks
17:15:27 17:20:05 Drawing: Statue of Liberty
17:20:05 17:23:10 This Week In History: Statue Of Liberty Arrives From France, Moves Into Cramped Tenement Building
17:23:10 17:26:14 ellis island, the statue of liberty
17:26:14 17:39:40 Ellis Island Part 1 of 2
17:39:40 17:53:20 Ellis Island Part 2 of 2
17:53:20 17:55:47 Statue of Liberty Reopens for Independence Day After Sandy
17:55:47 18:04:31 The Statue of Liberty
18:04:31 18:14:30 Statue of Liberty 125th Anniversary Fireworks.
18:14:30 18:18:13 The History of The Statue of Liberty
18:18:13 18:20:29 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island - 2 minute tour
18:20:29 18:25:15 Happy 125th birthday, Statue of Liberty
18:25:15 18:28:58 The History of The Statue of Liberty
18:28:58 18:43:05 The Statue of Liberty Was Built to Secretly Represent Lucifer -- Featuring Mark Dice
18:43:05 18:49:35 THE STORY OF THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
18:49:35 18:52:32 New York City's Statue of Liberty - 2 Minute Tour
18:52:32 18:54:13 Statue of Liberty reopens
18:54:13 19:22:16 The Statue Of Liberty: Body Of Iron, Soul Of Fire (1986)
19:22:16 19:43:34 How They Built the Statue of Liberty
19:43:34 19:47:47 Statue of Liberty Centennial: fireworks
19:47:47 19:50:43 TIME LAPSE OF HURRICANE SANDY - STATUE OF LIBERTY
19:50:43 19:54:29 Top 10 Film Appearances of The Statue of Liberty
19:54:29 19:56:20 10 Curious Facts About The Statue of Liberty
19:56:20 19:59:22 Statue of Liberty Pop-up Card
19:59:22 20:01:03 US celebrates Independence Day as Statue of Liberty reopens
20:01:03 20:03:10 Statue of Liberty; Honor History, Envision and the Future
20:03:10 20:05:32 The Statue of Liberty lit up with fireworks for birthday
20:05:32 20:08:45 GED 500 Small History about Statue of Liberty
20:08:45 20:12:01 Statue of Liberty - Grade School Project
20:12:01 20:13:57 Statue of Liberty in a Nutshell
20:13:57 20:20:12 Today Show Salazar Statue of Liberty will reopen July 4
20:20:12 20:23:25 NEW STATUE OF LIBERTY ANTHEM OF FREEDOM
20:23:25 20:25:02 True color of Statue of Liberty
20:25:02 20:30:47 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island highlights
20:30:47 20:32:36 Statue of Liberty's crown reopens
20:32:36 20:43:56 The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Recovering After Hurricane Sandy | AiirSource
20:43:56 20:45:34 Statue of Liberty
20:45:34 20:48:36 Statue of Liberty, New York, USA
20:48:36 20:49:49 The Statue of Liberty - NYC, New York
20:49:49 20:56:55 Vintage Statue of Liberty
20:56:55 21:01:22 New York Documentary
21:01:22 21:10:04 Statue of Liberty Centennial: Boston Pops perform at Liberty Park
21:10:04 21:11:34 Original Statue of Liberty
21:11:34 21:13:04 First Person: Statue of Liberty's 125th Birthday
21:13:04 21:15:24 Obama whiffs history of Statue of Liberty
21:15:24 21:16:18 Inside Statue of Liberty's crown
21:16:18 21:17:29 Statue of Liberty , New York City (Share Your Thoughts on 125th Birthday!)
21:17:29 21:20:17 Statue of Liberty 200th Anniversary Fireworks
21:20:17 21:24:55 Drawing: Statue of Liberty
21:24:55 21:28:00 This Week In History: Statue Of Liberty Arrives From France, Moves Into Cramped Tenement Building
21:28:00 21:31:04 ellis island, the statue of liberty
21:31:04 21:44:30 Ellis Island Part 1 of 2
21:44:30 21:58:10 Ellis Island Part 2 of 2
21:58:10 22:00:37 Statue of Liberty Reopens for Independence Day After Sandy
22:00:37 22:09:21 The Statue of Liberty
22:09:21 22:19:20 Statue of Liberty 125th Anniversary Fireworks.
22:19:20 22:23:03 The History of The Statue of Liberty
22:23:03 22:25:19 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island - 2 minute tour
22:25:19 22:30:05 Happy 125th birthday, Statue of Liberty
22:30:05 22:33:48 The History of The Statue of Liberty
22:33:48 22:47:55 The Statue of Liberty Was Built to Secretly Represent Lucifer -- Featuring Mark Dice
22:47:55 22:54:25 THE STORY OF THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
22:54:25 22:57:22 New York City's Statue of Liberty - 2 Minute Tour
22:57:22 22:59:03 Statue of Liberty reopens
22:59:03 23:27:06 The Statue Of Liberty: Body Of Iron, Soul Of Fire (1986)
23:27:06 23:48:24 How They Built the Statue of Liberty
23:48:24 23:52:37 Statue of Liberty Centennial: fireworks
23:52:37 23:55:33 TIME LAPSE OF HURRICANE SANDY - STATUE OF LIBERTY
23:55:33 23:59:19 Top 10 Film Appearances of The Statue of Liberty
23:59:19 00:01:10 10 Curious Facts About The Statue of Liberty
00:01:10 00:04:12 Statue of Liberty Pop-up Card
00:04:12 00:05:53 US celebrates Independence Day as Statue of Liberty reopens
00:05:53 00:08:00 Statue of Liberty; Honor History, Envision and the Future
00:08:00 00:10:22 The Statue of Liberty lit up with fireworks for birthday
00:10:22 00:13:35 GED 500 Small History about Statue of Liberty
00:13:35 00:16:51 Statue of Liberty - Grade School Project
00:16:51 00:18:47 Statue of Liberty in a Nutshell
00:18:47 00:25:02 Today Show Salazar Statue of Liberty will reopen July 4
00:25:02 00:28:15 NEW STATUE OF LIBERTY ANTHEM OF FREEDOM
00:28:15 00:29:52 True color of Statue of Liberty
00:29:52 00:35:37 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island highlights
00:35:37 00:37:26 Statue of Liberty's crown reopens
00:37:26 00:48:46 The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Recovering After Hurricane Sandy | AiirSource
00:48:46 00:50:24 Statue of Liberty
00:50:24 00:53:26 Statue of Liberty, New York, USA
00:53:26 00:54:39 The Statue of Liberty - NYC, New York
00:54:39 01:01:45 Vintage Statue of Liberty
01:01:45 01:06:12 New York Documentary
01:06:12 01:14:54 Statue of Liberty Centennial: Boston Pops perform at Liberty Park
01:14:54 01:16:24 Original Statue of Liberty
01:16:24 01:17:54 First Person: Statue of Liberty's 125th Birthday
01:17:54 01:20:14 Obama whiffs history of Statue of Liberty
01:20:14 01:21:08 Inside Statue of Liberty's crown
01:21:08 01:22:19 Statue of Liberty , New York City (Share Your Thoughts on 125th Birthday!)
01:22:19 01:25:07 Statue of Liberty 200th Anniversary Fireworks
01:25:07 01:29:45 Drawing: Statue of Liberty
01:29:45 01:32:50 This Week In History: Statue Of Liberty Arrives From France, Moves Into Cramped Tenement Building
01:32:50 01:35:54 ellis island, the statue of liberty
01:35:54 01:49:20 Ellis Island Part 1 of 2
01:49:20 02:03:00 Ellis Island Part 2 of 2
02:03:00 02:05:27 Statue of Liberty Reopens for Independence Day After Sandy
02:05:27 02:14:11 The Statue of Liberty
02:14:11 02:24:10 Statue of Liberty 125th Anniversary Fireworks.
02:24:10 02:27:53 The History of The Statue of Liberty
02:27:53 02:30:09 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island - 2 minute tour
02:30:09 02:34:55 Happy 125th birthday, Statue of Liberty
02:34:55 02:38:38 The History of The Statue of Liberty
02:38:38 02:52:45 The Statue of Liberty Was Built to Secretly Represent Lucifer -- Featuring Mark Dice
02:52:45 02:59:15 THE STORY OF THE STATUE OF LIBERTY
02:59:15 03:02:12 New York City's Statue of Liberty - 2 Minute Tour
03:02:12 03:03:53 Statue of Liberty reopens
03:03:53 03:31:56 The Statue Of Liberty: Body Of Iron, Soul Of Fire (1986)
03:31:56 03:53:14 How They Built the Statue of Liberty
03:53:14 03:57:27 Statue of Liberty Centennial: fireworks
03:57:27 04:00:23 TIME LAPSE OF HURRICANE SANDY - STATUE OF LIBERTY
04:00:23 04:04:09 Top 10 Film Appearances of The Statue of Liberty
04:04:09 04:06:00 10 Curious Facts About The Statue of Liberty
04:06:00 04:09:02 Statue of Liberty Pop-up Card
04:09:02 04:10:43 US celebrates Independence Day as Statue of Liberty reopens
04:10:43 04:12:50 Statue of Liberty; Honor History, Envision and the Future
04:12:50 04:15:12 The Statue of Liberty lit up with fireworks for birthday
04:15:12 04:18:25 GED 500 Small History about Statue of Liberty
04:18:25 04:21:41 Statue of Liberty - Grade School Project
04:21:41 04:23:37 Statue of Liberty in a Nutshell
04:23:37 04:29:52 Today Show Salazar Statue of Liberty will reopen July 4
04:29:52 04:33:05 NEW STATUE OF LIBERTY ANTHEM OF FREEDOM
04:33:05 04:34:42 True color of Statue of Liberty
04:34:42 04:40:27 Statue of Liberty & Ellis Island highlights
04:40:27 04:42:16 Statue of Liberty's crown reopens
04:42:16 04:53:36 The Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island Recovering After Hurricane Sandy | AiirSource
04:53:36 04:55:14 Statue of Liberty
04:55:14 04:58:16 Statue of Liberty, New York, USA
04:58:16 04:59:29 The Statue of Liberty - NYC, New York
04:59:29 05:06:35 Vintage Statue of Liberty
05:06:35 05:11:02 New York Documentary
05:11:02 05:19:44 Statue of Liberty Centennial: Boston Pops perform at Liberty Park
05:19:44 05:21:14 Original Statue of Liberty
05:21:14 05:22:44 First Person: Statue of Liberty's 125th Birthday
05:22:44 05:25:04 Obama whiffs history of Statue of Liberty
05:25:04 05:25:58 Inside Statue of Liberty's crown
05:25:58 05:27:09 Statue of Liberty , New York City (Share Your Thoughts on 125th Birthday!)
05:27:09 05:29:57 Statue of Liberty 200th Anniversary Fireworks
05:29:57 05:34:35 Drawing: Statue of Liberty
05:34:35 05:37:40 This Week In History: Statue Of Liberty Arrives From France, Moves Into Cramped Tenement Building
05:37:40 05:40:44 ellis island, the statue of liberty
05:40:44 05:54:10 Ellis Island Part 1 of 2
05:54:10 06:07:50 Ellis Island Part 2 of 2